The Axiom of Choice is Wrong

The 8th comment down is a great refutation of the situation proposed in the post.

The Everything Seminar

    When discussing the validity of the Axiom of Choice, the most common argument for not taking it as gospel is the Banach-Tarski paradox.  Yet, this never particularly bothered me.  The argument against the Axiom of Choice which really hit a chord I first heard at the Olivetti Club, our graduate colloquium.  It’s an extension of a basic logic puzzle, so let’s review that one first.

100 prisoners are placed in a line, facing forward so they can see everyone in front of them in line.  The warden will place either a black or white hat on each prisoner’s head, and then starting from the back of the line, he will ask each prisoner what the color of his own hat is (ie, he first asks the person who can see all other prisoners).  Any prisoner who is correct may go free.  Every prisoner can hear everyone else’s guesses…

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